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Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil Essay

Point: To explore the substances emitted at various temperatures from raw petroleum (oil) blend. Mechanical assembly: * Fractional Dis...

Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil Essay

Point: To explore the substances emitted at various temperatures from raw petroleum (oil) blend. Mechanical assembly: * Fractional Distillation dishes and thermometer * Clamp stand x 2 * Conical flagon * Supply of cold water * Rubber cylinders x 2 * Test tube rack * Small glass test tubes x 5 * Rubber plug x 5 * Evaporating bowl * Micro Bunsen Burner and seat tangle * Wooden Splint * Stopwatch * Boiling stones * Crude Oil gracefully Strategy: 1. Set up the cinches stands and the fractionating dishes as appeared in the outline. 2. Associate the elastic cylinders to the two open containers of the condenser. 3. Associate the opposite finish of the elastic tubing to a water tap and let the other one stream into a bowl. Turn on the tap. 4. Spot two bubbling stones into the funnel shaped carafe and afterward empty in the unrefined petroleum into the jar. Spot the flagon directly over the miniaturized scale burner as appeared in the graph. 5. Warmth the unrefined petroleum blend gradually. Record at which temperature one of the mixes in the blend dissipate, and afterward gather it in the little test tube after it goes through the condenser. 6. Rehash stage 5 until most extreme temperature has been reached and additionally no more mixes dissipate. 7. Test the mixes which were gathered. Light them in a vanishing bowl and record the time it takes to run out. Results: Information Table of Results of Hydrocarbons tried Hydrocarbon Compound Breaking point Range (à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½C) Shading Consistency Pentane 36 †40 Vapid Extremely Low Viscosity Hexane 66 †69 Vapid Low Viscosity Heptane 90 †94 Slightly shady Gooey fluid Lamp fuel (Paraffin) ~ 250 Caramel †dark High Viscosity End: These outcomes demonstrate to us that initially, unrefined petroleum being a blend of a few hydrocarbons, that the blend gave was a recreation. Furthermore, there are perceptible patterns in the hydrocarbons. As the atoms gets heavier and heavier, by which I imply that we go from pentane to Hexane, etc, the consistency of the compound increments, just as the time taken for it to catch fire totally. The breaking point additionally increments. These hydrocarbons have a place with the main natural homologous arrangement: Alkanes. Alkane particles are totally soaked and every carbon iota has at any rate 2 hydrogen molecules appended to it. Aside from the two end carbon iotas, different ones are appended to two other carbon particles each. A covalent bond between a carbon particle and a hydrogen iota is solid, and a bond between two carbon iotas is additionally solid. It in this manner takes a great deal of vitality to conquer this bond, and henceforth a higher temperature and additional time is expected to break these mixes separated. The more carbon iotas an alkane has, the more vitality is expected to break it separated. This clarifies the expanding breaking points, and is additionally one of the primary reasons why hydrocarbons are utilized as powers. Lamp fuel was the just one of the four hydrocarbons which couldn't be warmed to its breaking point and thus the temperature recorded is the one that was given to us. It did, in any case, last the longest when it was singed. In this manner that outcome harmonizes with the one that was given to us. Its different properties which could be checked have given us additional evidence of the way that its temperature is higher than the other hydrocarbons’. Additionally identified with the thickness, the heaviness of every hydrocarbon likewise expanded as the consistency expanded. When lamp oil was being dealt with, an extremely wide edge of distinction could be felt from pentane. Assessment: Shortcoming Improvement 1 The gear accessible was insufficient to decide the breaking point of Kerosene Get a large scale burner and warmth the lamp fuel to its breaking point 2 The distinction in consistency between the initial two hydrocarbons was difficult to tell Measure the balance of the two mixes and record the distinction 3 The vanishing bowl in which the hydrocarbons were warmed was a similar all through Utilize an alternate dissipating bowl for each mixes with the goal that the warmth from the past test doesn't influence the following test 4 The principle blend gave to us was not genuine raw petroleum, basically a mimicked substitute To assemble the entirety of the mixes found in raw petroleum utilize a blend which contains every one of them sort of self-evident

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Plan organize and deliver group based learning Essay

Plan compose and convey bunch based learning - Essay Example I’ve took a gander at this unit of competency to perceive how compromise fit and saw there is a whole area committed to it †‘Deal adequately with issues, issues and conflicts’. I need your critical assistance. Would you be able to please give an instructional course that manages this issue for my new staff, ASAP. I had seen there have been a couple of contentions between my new and existing staff over different issues and feel this theme should be our primary goal. I can allow you 40 minutes next Tuesday morning to direct the meeting. The accompanying data may help you with conveying this subject: 1. It is trusted that utilizing shared regard and open correspondence to talk about the issue that a goals can be reached. This will incorporate all gatherings focusing on the issue and arriving at an answer. No close to home or unfavorable remarks from either gathering will be endured. 3. On the off chance that contention keeps on happening because of this issue, intervention as HR Personnel will be utilized to have a round-table conversation. In the event that either worker is seen as in break of the Town and City Cinemas Code of Conduct, censure steps will be taken. Individuals ought to be treated as people with rights to be regarded and shielded. Regard engages others to guarantee their privileges and to accomplish their latent capacity. Regard for the privileges of others is the premise on which people become individuals from a network and acknowledge their social obligations to act with trustworthiness. The guideline of taking individual and expert obligation requires not just that individuals abstain from doing damage to other people yet that they show considerate conduct maintaining the norms expected of all individuals from the association as a component of accomplishing a typical decent. In this manner they are relied upon to ensure the privileges of others and regard the decent variety of societies and people groups. Those very much situated enough to declare their privileges

Monday, August 17, 2020

Tips for Working on College Applications Over the Summer

Tips for Working on College Applications Over the Summer The Perfect Pace for Working on College Applications over the Summer The Perfect Pace for Working on College Applications over the Summer Summertime has officially arrived. The “strawberry moon” solstice has passed and there’s some good energy in the air (if you believe in that sort of thing!). Two major soccer championships are underway and the Summer Olympics are right around the corner. Big things are happening, guys! As any good stargazer or athlete knows, timing is everything, and summer is an amazing time to power through a lot of work on your college essay. You have to know where to start, though, and how to pace yourself appropriately. Starting early gives you a huge advantage, but there’s no reason to sprint. Use our calendar to pace out your work appropriately over the next three months, and keep an eye out for momentous dates on the horizon. JULY: Have experiences! Will you be working over the summer? Traveling? Volunteering? Become a keen observer of any and all of your summer experiences. Keep a journal or blog. Take photos. Sketch people. Do your best to document and reflect on everything you do and see. The more details you capture, the more vivid your essays will be. If you think you’re boring (which you’re not, btw), this summer will be the perfect time for you to shift this perspective AUGUST: Start writing! We’ve said it once and we’ll say it again: start early! If you didn’t watch College Essay Academy back in February, now is also a great time to get your introduction to the writing process. You can watch the whole series through or attack one episode at a time, following the step-by-step process. Either way, August is a perfect time to collect your notes, mine for memories, and pull together a draft of your Common App essay. You’ll be able to hit the ground running when school finally starts, and will probably impress your guidance counselor in the process. (By the way, the Common App platform will probably go live sometime this month, so set yourself up with an account ASAP and start getting acquainted with your new favorite website.) SEPTEMBER: Keep writing! If you say the beginning of the school year is hectic, we say: so what?! You’re only going to get busier as the year goes on (and the time until your deadline dwindles). Keep up the writing momentum that started in August and continue working and creating opportunities for small successes. (Pro tip: setting aside time to work with the tips in College Essay Academy and our newsletter on a weekly basis will help you maintain a good pace.) Looking Ahead: OCTOBER: Polish up your early application(s)! NOVEMBER: Polish up your regular applications! (Yes, everyone.) DECEMBER: Hit submit! About Thea HogarthView all posts by Thea Hogarth » Still not sure where to start? Give College Essay Academy a Try. WATCH CHAPTER 1 FOR FREE »

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Use Of Cell Phone Usage - 971 Words

The Use of Cell Phone Cell phone usage started in 1973. Motorola was the first company to invent cell phone. They produced first cell phones which were connected with the cars. (‘’http: mashable.com’’). At that time, People were using car cell phones primarily for business. After 1973. Companies started updating cell phones technologies throughout the years. Cell phone technologies has a variety of options Internet. The use of google maps, which people use to find addresses, how many mileage people need to drive to where they want to go? Video chats, people use to make a video call where they can see the person they are talking to the library book store app, the old days people will have to buy the books from the bookstore But now people can download any book they want and save to their phones. Therefore, everybody should depend on using the cell phone in their daily life, because it makes it easier to connect with families, friends, and what is happening around the world. T he first advantage of people who use cell phones are that they are able to communicate with their families, and friends and for work. People of my father’s generation didn’t have cell phones, so whenever my father wanted to contact his family and friends who lived in different places, he would either write a letter to them or he would record his voice on a cassette and they would reply after days or months. These days when I call him on his cell phone any time I want, he says, â€Å"I am so happy,Show MoreRelatedPros and Cons of Cell Phones in Schools626 Words   |  3 PagesAmericans place and receive most, if not all, of their calls on a wireless phone. The increase in cell phone usage has expanded into our children’s schools. Many children in today’s society carry a cell phone on their person to school. This increase of usage and change of demographic has created a debate in many schools. Read more: Pros Cons of Cell Phones in Schools | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5393195_pros-cons-cell-phones-schools.html#ixzz29NbPSPub School Emergencies The increase of schoolRead MoreDangers of Cell Phone Use While Driving Essay1306 Words   |  6 Pageslast few decades, the use of cell phones has become a very common tool. Furthermore, Technology has certainly advanced, and the cell phone is becoming the most preferred mode of communication. The demand for a cell phone is growing every day. In addition, the use of wireless technology is affordable, and anyone can buy a cell phone at a reasonable price. They come in all shapes and sizes. They range from black to bright metallic white. American public use of cell phones is increasing everydayRead MoreCell Phones in the Public800 Words   |  4 PagesCell Phones in the Public Cell phones play an integral role in our lives, and we conduct many useful functions through them daily. If a mother wants to inform her kids that she would be late to pick them up from their school, the cell phone would provide a good medium to communicate that message. The cutting-edge technology of cell phones at your fingertips is a very powerful device that can be used to connect with people from all around the world, and it can also save lives as well in emergencyRead MoreIncrease Public Safety And Prevent Unnecessary Risks Behind The Wheel While Operating A Motor Vehicle1398 Words   |  6 Pagesoperating a motor vehicle. Drivers have a duty to themselves and to the public to operate their vehicles in a safe manner free from distraction. The safest way to ensure against distraction and preserve everyone’s well-being is to abstain from all cell phone usage including dialing, talking, or texting while operating a vehicle. According to the National Safety Council, motor vehicle crashes are the top two leading causes of injury death for everyone from the age of one to over age sixty-five and theRead MoreCell Phones Should Be Limited During Family Events875 Words   |  4 Pagesyears old I got my first cell phone, and I was excited. My mom put a limit on when I could be on my phone and I am grateful for that. Since 2000 technology and cell phone usage have increased tremendously over the 15 years. Everywhere you go you see people on their phones, and most peoples lives revolve around their cell phone. I know for me, I am on my phone constantly, and I probably would get more work and sleep if I stayed off my phone as much. The use of cell phones should be limited duringRead MoreCell Phone While Driving949 Words   |  4 PagesCell phone usage while driving is a major source of distraction that could potentially lead to accidents and consequently cause injury or loss of life. Technology has had a way of dealing with distractions by coming up with hands-free cell phones mounted on the dashboards of most vehicles. But, even so, cell phones are still a source of distraction when driving regardless of the fact that they are hand-held or not. Therefore, even the choice for authorities to come up with handheld bans still thatRead MoreCell Phone Addiction in Ncba College Student1123 Words   |  5 PagesCELL PHONE ADDICTION IN NCBA COLLEGE STUDENT A Research Paper Presented to Prof. Zenaida T. Miranda National College of Business and Arts Fairview, Quezon City In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for English 2 ( 9:30-10:30 MWF ) 2nd Semester 2007-2008 By: ________________________ Linn Dantlhee E. Estopace B.S.Accountancy March 7, 2008 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Cell phones in the country have not only broadened communications and introduced new and faster lifestylesRead MoreCell Phone Use And Cell Phones Essay843 Words   |  4 PagesHave you ever witnessed disruptive cell phones usage in public? When is it acceptable, to use cell phones in public? Americans today have adapted the addiction of cell phone technology, the device accommodates more than just text or talking.Cell phone use is a problem in America and in our own homes. The existence of cell phones have changed the communication skills of many round the world. I believe the wave has sailed right along with rude public cell phone behavior.. B.(Thesis Statement)Read MoreCell Phone Use A Social Addiction939 Words   |  4 PagesToday’s society is a generation that is being raised on conveniences, and with this generation, cell phone use has exploded. Millions of people are obsessed with their cell phones and literally will not leave their house without it. People center everything they do around their cell phone. People are checking their text messages and social media day and night. They face time, tweet, Pinterest, Instagram, and Snapchat. Teens on their smartphones. Photo Credit Highwaystarz-Photography/iStock/GettyRead MoreIncreasing Usage Of Cell Phones1174 Words   |  5 PagesAbstract Smart phone allows us to communicate with the people who we wish to stay connected with. Nowadays due to the over usage of cell phones we often find ourselves wasting too much time on it, obesity growing in teenagers, distant relationships with people etc. after researching we found that the increasing usage of cell phone has a great effect on students studying in high schools or collages such as their behavior, dropping grades etc. Concerns about dependency on mobile phones corresponded to

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

French Exercise - Si Clause Threads, Second Conditional

This practice exercise can be done as a class or in small groups. It requires familiarity with the second conditional (si clauses), including imperfect and conditional conjugations. What to Do Print out a table for each group (see below).Write the first part of a conditional sentence beginning with si (see suggestions below) in the first table cell. Since this is the second conditional, the si clause needs to be in the imperfect. Invent a result clause, using the conditional, for the second cell.For example: Next, transform the result clause into a si clause and write it in the first column of the second row. (Remember that the verb which was in the conditional now needs to be in the imperfect.) Then invent a corresponding result clause to continue the thread. If clause Result clause Si je gagnais au loto, jachterais une nouvelle voiture. Si je gagnais au loto, jachterais une nouvelle voiture. Si jachetais une nouvelle voiture, je la mnerais lcole. Transform the second result clause into a si clause, and so on, until you have completed the thread. Si je gagnais au loto, jachterais une nouvelle voiture. Si jachetais une nouvelle voiture, je la mnerais lcole. Si je la menais lcole, les autres tudiants madmireraient. Si les autres tudiants madmiraient, ils minviteraient djeuner. To make sure students understand the exercise, start by demonstrating on the board: write a si clause and call on students as you go through the entire thread collectively. Then divide the class into groups of 2 to 4 students and provide each group with an if clause, or have them come up with their own. After each group has completed their thread, either have students read them out loud, or - if there are likely to be a lot of mistakes, as in the case of weaker students - collect the papers and read the threads out loud yourself, either correcting them as you read, or writing the sentences on the board and going over them together. Variations To challenge students creativity, have each group start with the same si clause, and then compare how each one turned out at the end.Assign a different si clause to each group, and after they have each completed one row of the table, have them trade with another group. Each group will then complete the clause in the other groups tables, and then exchange once again with a third group.You can also use this exercise to practice the first conditional and the third conditional. Starter Clauses You and your students can of course invent your own if clauses,* but here are some ideas to get started: Si jallais à   la luneSi javais un souhaitSi je navais quune semaine à   vivreSi jà ©tais le prà ©sidentSi jà ©tais richeSi jà ©tais toiSi je faisais mes devoirs tous les joursSi je me cassais la jambeSi je me mariaisSi je pouvais faire la connaissance de nimporte qui dans le mondeSi je pouvais remonter dans le tempsSi je pouvais visiter nimporte quel paysSi je trouvais un portefeuille dans la rueSi je voyais un OVNI (objet volant non identifià ©)Sil y avait des formes de vie intelligente sur dautres planà ¨tesSi les chiens pouvaient parlerSi mon meilleur ami me mentaitSi notre professeur à ©tait en retardSi nous à ©tudiions ensembleSi nous savions le secret du bonheur *If you come up with a great starter clause, please share your ideas. Tables This exercise needs tables with two columns and four rows. Printable pages of tables are available in  Microsoft Word format; you can save and edit this if, for example, you want to type the starter if clause into the first cell of each table. Print enough copies so that you can cut them up and provide at least one table for each group of students. Si Clauses LessonFirst conditional practiceThird conditional practice

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Food and Beverage Free Essays

Answer: Food and Beverage Service is the service of Food made in the Kitchen and Drinks prepared in the Bar to the Customers (Guest) at the Food Beverage premises, which can be: Restaurants, Bars, Hotels, Airlines, Cruise Ships, Trains, Companies, Schools, Colleges, Hospitals, Prisons, Takeaway etc Food Beverage Outlets are divided in to the following categories: Restaurants: Restaurants are places where Food Drink is served. There are various types of Restaurants: All Day Dining Restaurants: They are sometimes called as Coffee Shops or Cafe in Hotels. They are usually big in size with many Covers (seats), compared to other Restaurants in the same Hotel. We will write a custom essay sample on Food and Beverage or any similar topic only for you Order Now The main reason why they are called All Day Dining Restaurant is because of their hours of operation, as they are open for Breakfast in the Morning to Lunch in the afternoon to Dinner in the Evening. Fine Dining Restaurants: Fine Dining Restaurants are characterized by their elaborate and exclusive menu with special emphasis on the very high quality food they serve. The emphasis being on fresh ingredients and natural flavors or on the type of Cuisine served, or both. Usually the operation of this restaurant revolves around the Head Chef or Chef De Cuisine of this Outlet. Specialty Restaurants: These are Restaurants which usually have a type of National or Regional Character or Cuisine attached to them, for example: Italian Specialty Restaurant, Chinese Specialty Restaurant etc. In some Hotels they do also sometimes have Multi Cuisine Specialty Restaurant, which literally means that Restaurant serves cuisine from more than one country, or the dishes on the Menu at that Restaurant has Food Specialties from many different countries. . Lounge: Lounges can be found in different hotels. Their main purpose is to offer Food Drinks in relaxed surroundings with comfortable and cozy seating in relaxed surroundings. There are many kinds of Lounges ranging from a Lounge in a Lobby, Cocktail Lounge and Cigar Lounge to Executive and Club Lounge in special Floors. 3. Bar: Bar is a place where drinks are served. There is usually a small Snacks Menu too. The serv ice is fast and quick. There are various kinds of Bars ranging from Formal bars to Club Bars, Pubs, Pool Bars, Wine Bars, Cocktail Bars, Beach Bar to Juice Bars and many more. 4. Discotheque/Nightclub: They are outlets where Music and Entertainment takes priority with the Food Drink. The operation is very fast and the guest numbers are large. Security is an important aspect in these operations. Music and entertainment can range from DJ to live bands playing. 5. Room Service/In Room Dining: Room Service, also known as In Room Dining . It is the service of Food Drink in Guest Rooms in a Hotel or a Resort. Depending on the size and type of Hotel or Resort its functions vary. 6. Meeting and Conference Rooms: Meeting and Conference rooms together with Ball Rooms come under the Banquets Conference section. They are a great source of Revenue in Food Beverage Department usually in Corporate and City Hotels. MICE (Meetings, Incentives, and Conferences Exhibitions) can alone bring much revenue in some hotels in comparison to other outlets in Hotel. 7. Ball Rooms: These are large Function Rooms which are primarily used for Functions and Weddings. The Staffing ration of Full Time Staff in this section is very less as the Function and Wedding Business can sometimes be seasonal and extra staff is usually filled in by the use of Casual Staff. This Section is the most Dynamic section in Food Beverage with the Conference Section, which is more physically demanding and creatively oriented. 8. Delicatessen: Delicatessen or Deli traditionally had been a place where fresh meat and other produce were available. Hotels nowadays use this concept of having a Deli on their premises, where guests can buy fresh produce ranging from Freshly Baked Bread, Cold Meat, Fresh Salads, Cakes, Home Made Ice creams and light and healthy drinks. 9. Others: There are many other Food Beverage outlets ranging from Fast Food Outlets to Food Courts to Snack Bars which are usually stand alone or in a shopping centre. This is just a brief introduction to Food and Beverage. Detailed information on Food and Beverage can be found at Food and Beverage Bible E Book By Santosh Koripella at: www. foodnbeveragebible. com How to cite Food and Beverage, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Slave Report free essay sample

African Slavery in the Americas Whose America is it? Cameron Themed B MY p Honors American History the 4 Hour Professor Buck December 8 , 2014 Word Count: Economic Motivations: With the introduction of new crops, countries need more people to work and harvest them. In Brazil, From the sass, the importation of Africans to Brazil I increased dramatically. After the initial expansion of the sugar industry, blacks soon con suited over thirds of the population of the northeast. The sugar industry grew q quickly inJamaica in 1672 there were 70 plantations producing 772 tones[tons] of sue AR per annum growing in the sass to over 680 plantations. At that time Cuba was evolving from a slowly growing colony into the worlds leading sugar producer, a devil moment that required the importation of steadily increasing numbers of African slaves . As result, by 1 840 there were in the island approximately 430,000 slaves, approve mutely 60 percent of the population was black or mulatto. We will write a custom essay sample on Slave Report or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Overall, Brazil, Cuba, and Jaw mica had the same economic motivations for slavery.With new crops to sell that had did efferent care techniques, they need more people to tend to them. Capturing, Buying, and Selling: Many Africans who were enslaved were kidnapped [from Africa], though some were sold into slavery as a debt. Upon arrival to the colonies, they Were prep eared for sale like animals. They were washed and shaved: sometimes their skins were oiled to make them appear healthy and increase their sale price. Depending on where they had arrived, the enslaved Africans were sold through agents by public auction or b scramble, in which buyers simply grabbed whomever they wanted. Sales often involved measuring, grading and intrusive physical examination. Upon arriving g to their plantations, they were branded and issued with a new name. Then were SE paraded and stripped of their identity. In a deliberate process, meant to break their will I power and make them totally passive and subservient, the enslaved Africans were s This means that, for a period of two to three years, they were trained to endue re their work and conditions Obey or receive the lash. It was mental and physical tort ere.